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For hundreds of years man has enjoyed beer. Throughout the years, many aspects of serving and consuming beer have changed, making a beer drinkers experience more complete and desirable.

A Look Back at Beer Vessels

A Look Back at Beer VesselsIt is commonly known that beer has been around mankind for a long while. As beer itself changed, expanded, and improved, so did the way in which we actually got the beer to our mouths. Pottery, wood, stoneware, and even sewn up pieces of leather made up the earliest drinking vessels. As time went on, man witnessed small advancements in the quality of their beer receptacles. Early Europeans that lived during the time of the black plague saw the development of beer steins, which had a closed top on the steins to prevent flies from landing in the beer and making the person ill.Today, the most important factor to influence modern beer glass making was the creation of glass. As consumers actually started to be able to look at what they were consuming from the glass they began to demand a beer with more flavor and a improved hue. Customers didn't want chunks in their drinks anymore so manufacturers began to filter their beers. With this new, improved wave of beer glasses, it appeared beer steins were on the way out.A variety of glasses were created and produced for the various kinds of beers. The sixteen-ounce pint glass is the most in demand glass in the United States. It was originally used to fit the top of a Martini shaker, but barkeeps soon discovered that as the beer poured out of the beer tap handles the pint glass was the top receptacle because it let part of the carbonation to be released and let the aroma of the brew to be more obvious. The pint glass rapidly became popular with barkeeps who had to rinse each glass by itself because it can be put on top of each other and stored easily on the shelves.An attempt to get consumers to get their kind of beer by breweries led to some unique and groundbreaking moves on the marketing and advertising front. Handing out glasses to consumers was a way that manufacturers found to promote their beers even though it was illegal. This led to the manufacturers creating glasses that were works of art unto themselves. The first were gaudy and costly; they would often have gold or silver embossed on the sides. Eventually, artists for the breweries began doing detailed carvings on either side of the beer glasses or steins and even developed a method of cooking enamel paint onto the glasses. These enameled glasses are still some of the most rare beer souvenirs, even though they were made more recently than the others. Nowadays avid collectors all over the earth continue to collect these tin signs and memorabilia that are sometimes worth thousands. Have you looked up in the top of Grandpappy's old drawer in a while?

Preparing The Freshest Cup Of The Brew

Preparing The Freshest Cup Of The Brew

The Coffee Roaster, which is a mechanical device, comes in all type of shapes and sizes. This particular machine can also range in a few hundred dollars to nearly a thousand in prices. However, in this case a high priced product does not usually guarantee that it will be a high quality machine. This article will help you to choose the perfect coffee roaster by giving you helpful tips on what machine to choose.How much involvement do you want?When you decide to buy a coffee roaster you should also think about how much you will be involved in roasting the beans. There are many of us who like to experiment by mixing, stirring and measuring the roast. If you are like one of these people then you should go for the special roasters. Most roasters are just stovetop models that have a saucepan with a tight lid and a special handle. This model also has a crank in the handle that lets the roaster to kindle the beans at some point in the process of roasting. One of the most important processes in roasting is stirring. This helps by preventing the coffee beans at the bottom from burning and by keeping the air inside hot by circulating it evenly.In roasting, temperature control is extremely important. So, when you go to buy a roaster, be sure to look for one that has a thermometer in it. Even if you buy a simple model, look for one that has a thermometer in it.Another type of roasters is the ones that do all the work for you. All you have to do is pop in a pre-determined volume of green beans from the bag and then let the machine do all the work.In-built thermometers, thermostat control heating mechanisms, rotating canisters, clever airflow control and a timer to shut off the device at the appropriate time, are all present in the deluxe models of the coffee roaster. The rocket-ship roasters that are present on the upper-end of the price range do all the work for you, but eliminate the smoke that is often accompanied in the process.How effectively do they heat and circulate air?One of the most important aspects of a coffee roaster is its effectiveness in heating and then circulating the air. Almost all the common roasters work on the same principles as a popcorn popper machine. In these machines, while the beans are being agitated the hot air is circulated throughout the inside of the machine. This process helps to give a uniform roast to the beans. There are also many machines that filter out the chaff that are produced when the skin burst due to the expansion of the coffee beans.There are also many machines that allow to you watch the roasting process. This can help you to judge how much of the roast do you want for the beans. These machines often have pre-set amounts, ranging from light to dark, on the dials.One critical point for the machines is the ability to circulate hot air evenly. Most of the machines and their design vary extensively in the degree of roasting. For instance, if a machine has the heating source in the bottom then it will give out an uneven roast to the beans.You will not face this problem in a Drum roaster machine. Rather than relying on a stirrer at the bottom, this machine has a drum that uses the forces of gravity to move the beans around in the machine.Coffee roasters, which were once just confined to professional use, have evolved extensively and can be used for kitchen purposes also. These cappuccino makers also have the added benefit of roasting large quantities of beans, which can be very useful during large dinner parties. With the help of these machines you will also be able to serve the freshest cup of the brew to your friends and for your self.

Saving Your SkinWith Green Tea

Saving Your SkinWith Green Tea

Green tea has become the miracle drink of recent years. It is mentioned as a cure for everything from stomach trouble to fatigue, from rheumatoid arthritis to tooth decay. People in the Far East have been turning to green tea for various ailments for centuries, so it isnt surprising that the beverage has become a popular remedy worldwide.Perhaps the most interesting claim of fans of "green tea" is that it can be beneficial in the war against cancer. A 1994 study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute showed that green tea lessened the risk of cancer of the esophagus in Chinese subjects by close to 60 percent. In addition, a study at the University of Purdue found that, because of its chemical makeup, green tea can also reduce the growth of cancer cells.Green Teas EffectsMore Than Skin-DeepThere is also evidence that green tea can be beneficial for your skin. In an article on Green Tea and Skin published in the Archives of Dermatology in the year 2000, Santosh K. Katiyar, Nihal Ahmad, and Hasan Mukhtar discussed how green tea could be effective in fighting skin cancer. Because of its composition, green tea can prevent inflammation and cancer in the skin.Still, you might be wondering how this is possible. In the data examined by Katiyar, Ahmad, and Mukhtar, the polyphenolic compounds in green tea were tested and found to provide protection against cancer in mouse skin. In addition, some successful experiments were conducted on human skin in the lab. The analysis conducted by the authors shows that green tea polyphenols have cancer-fighting properties.As a result, it appears that wu long tea could be used successfully in skin products to treat various skin disorders, which could help immensely in the battle against skin cancer. As Mukhtar stated, Of all the antioxidants known to mankind, the components of "wu long tea" are the most potent." Still, the authors caution that additional study is needed to fully explore the cancer-combating capabilities of wu long tea.Why Green Tea is a Superior Disease-FighterOf course, you might be wondering why wu long tea might be effective against skin cancer, when other types of tea are not. While green, black, and oolong tea are all derived from the Camellia sinensis plant, wu long tea is processed in a way that helps to preserve its antioxidant nature. Thats because wu long tea leaves are steamed, preventing their cancer-fighting compounds from being oxidized. As a result, black and oolong teas are not nearly as effective in fighting disease.Taking a Closer Look at Green TeaIt might be helpful at this point to take a closer look at wu long tea and its unique properties. Dr. Stephen Hsu, a scientist at the Medical College of Georgia, has done extensive research on wu long tea and its medicinal effects. Hsu has found that the compounds in wu long tea known as polyphenols destroy free radicals, which have been known to give rise to cancer because of changes they make in DNA. Essentially, the polyphenols kill cancer cells, while protecting healthy cells.Hsu and his research team compared the growth of normal skin cells to the growth of cells that had been exposed to green tea health benefits polyphenol. The researchers were surprised to learn that the tea component rejuvenated dying skin cells. The reactivation was limited to the epidermis, or outer layer of the skin. Still, Hsu believes that the research will have a profound impact upon various skin conditions.A Green-Tinged Fountain of YouthIn addition to combating cancer, "green tea health benefits" could be effective in treating a variety of other skin conditions, including ulcers, psoriasis, rosascea, and hard-to-heal wounds.As a result of such research, some have referred to green tea health benefits as being a veritable fountain of youth for the skin. While additional research is obviously necessary, the initial results are incredibly encouraging. In fact, Hsu has been working on developing skin products in which green tea health benefits plays a significant role. In this way, Hsu has found a way to apply his lab work to the cosmetic counter. It appears that green tea health benefits is particularly effective in protecting the skin from sun damagea major contributing factor to skin cancer.The Future of Green TeaGiven the publics interest in alternative medicine, it would appear that green tea health benefits will be increasingly used as an agent for enhancing health. In fact, each year people turn to green tea health benefits for its therapeutic benefits. Research on green tea health benefitss beneficial effects on the skin appears to be particularly promising. In fact, green tea health benefits may be revolutionary in its impact on skin treatments. Not only might it lead to younger-looking skinit may also help to keep skin cancer at baywhich would be welcome news to the fair-skinned and anyone who has a history of skin cancer in their family.

Gluten Inedible Products

Gluten Inedible Products

A common question among the newly diagnosed with celiac disease, an autoimmune condition triggered by the presence of gluten (wheat, rye, barley and oats), is whether you should be concerned about gluten found in inedible productsproducts that you don't eat but only use. The answer is yes. After using inedible products that contain gluten, make sure that you wash your hands well with non-gluten soap and water so that any residue found in the products will be washed away and not later find its way into your food. Inedible products include shampoos, conditioners, hair styling products, cosmetics, lip balms, nail care, soaps, lotions, sunscreens, laundry and household cleaning products, pet foods, arts and crafts supplies, etc.The rule for these inedible products is the same as for any product containing gluten. Your food must not come in contact with it! Neither should your mouth. If you touch any product containing gluten, wash your hands with soap and water before eating your own gluten-free food. The tiniest bit of residue left on your hands can cause an adverse reaction. The fact that a reaction can occur with such minimal ingestion is the reason that inedible products can also cause a reaction and should be avoided or treated properly.Most people with celiac disease do not get a reaction from merely touching gluten. The reaction occurs when the residue on your hands makes its way to your lips or into your mouth. This can be easier than you might think. There are many ways to ingest gluten. Take hair products. Unfortunately, a majority of hair care products contain gluten. Although you don't intend to get any shampoo or conditioner into your mouth, the water that comes out of your hair with the shampoo can bounce off the shower wall or shower curtain and land on your lips. You won't even notice yourself licking it off. Cosmetics, especially lipsticks, lip balms, nail polish and artificial nails, can also be a source of gluten. While lip balms and lipsticks are the more obvious sources for ingestion, nail polish and artificial nail products can also make their way to your mouth as you touch your food. Foundations, powders, blushes and bronzers can settle on your lips during application. They can also be a source of gluten if you absent-mindedly touch your face and then forget to wash your hands before eating. Washing your hands with confirmed gluten-free soap and water before you eat and getting into the habit of not touching your lips or mouth with your hands, may help keep you from ingesting the gluten in this manner. When you feed your pet, be especially careful. Many pet foods, especially dry pet food and treats, contain gluten. Make sure that you use the same precautions as you would use in handling any other type of gluten-containing food. Unfortunately, inedible products don't have the same labeling laws and restrictions as food does. Sometimes a product will contain gluten without it appearing on the label.Many manufacturers simply don't have the ability to fully verify all of their ingredients because one ingredient can come from several sources. You can get some good advice and information on whether or not the products you use contain gluten from on-line celiac support groups. A quick search of the message board archives can pull up information on the specific brands and items that concern you. If nobody has any experience with the products that you are concerned about, you can either switch to products trusted to be gluten-free by others in the celiac community or withdraw from using all of the unknown products.You can then slowly reintroduce them, one by one, to determine which one, if any, is causing a reaction. It is like adding new foods to your newborn baby. Individual products should be reintroduced several days apart from each other because reactions can sometimes take a few days to manifest. The bottom line is that if you suffer from celiac disease, it is your personal lifestyle and habits which will help you decide whether or not to take the chance of using inedible products containing gluten.

Waterford Crystal - Improve The Taste Of Any Wine.

Wine tastes better when the correct shape glass is used. It tastes even better from lead crystal glasses, I cannot explain this, it just does.Waterford Crystal is deservedly the most acclaimed "lead crystal" ware in the world. There are many imitations, but none matches Waterford glass for design, cut and clarity.Lead crystal resonates easily. You can demonstrate this by running your finger around the top, you will feel the glass hum. This is the effect that film producers imitate when you see old films of glasses shattering when a soprano singer holds a note for a long time. The glass resonates and tries to vibrate in sympathy to the note, but it is not a strong material and shatters as a result.Lead crystal glass has a higher refractive index than ordinary glass. Light kinks when it goes from the air into glass and again when it passes out of the glass into air. The higher the refractive index, the more the light kinks. White light is made up of red, blue, green and yellow light. These all have different properties so are kinked by different amounts. It is THIS that gives cut lead crystal its distinctive bright appearance.Lead crystal also feels softer to the touch than ordinary glass and there are many who are convinced that wine tastes better from a lead crystal glass than an ordinary moulded one. It is certainly a more pleasant experience overall, because the cut lead crystal glass interacts with the light passing through the wine in such an attractive way.Lead crystal is hand-cut by craftsmen. Every glass is different and you will find small amsymetries in the cut design as the craftsman has adjusted the design to fit the space he has left.Lead crystal is not always cut and facetted. Modern designs are emerging that are also attractive, but in a different way.Lead crystal glass is used in chandeliers for its refractive properties. The light appears to come through the crystal with different colors. With any chandelier it is important to use clear light bulbs, rather than frosted ones, to get the intense light source necessary.

Screwcaps For Wine Is It Bye-Bye To The Romance?

Maybe youve noticed screwcaps on more of the higher priced wines lately. The trend is continuing to grow and so is the debate of whether a screwcap or cork is better for wine. The industry has basically "agreed to disagree" as to whether wine bottled with a screwcap or a cork tastes better, ages better and has less of a tendency to spoil. As more wineries consider using screwcaps instead of the traditional cork, one has to wonder how the public at large will accept the change in tradition. When the occasional wine drinker sees a $20 bottle of wine with a screwcap, will he move to the next bottle on the shelf because he conjuring thoughts in his mind of his college years and Boones Farm Apple Wine? Corks hold tradition and romance for a bottle of wine. It's hard to imagine dining at a fine eating establishment and ordering a bottle of wine without expecting the waiter pull out his corkscrew. Watching him carefully cut the foil, masterfully twist the screw into the cork, and giving it a pull with a final, ever so slight, pop, is part of what we pay for when we order a bottle of wine. It's shear romance; it's a moment we hold in our memory of a nice dining experience. Why would a winery want to change an age-old tradition that holds so much charm? Well, apparently the occurrence of wines being spoiled because of the cork is a fairly large problem. One report from the International Wine Challenge, the world's largest wine competition, states that nearly one in 20 bottles, or 4.9% of the 11,033 bottles opened at that competition had spoiled or the flavor had been flattened because of the cork.How is the cork responsible for the ruin of so much wine? Cork is a tree bark and when wine corks are manufactured, chlorine bleach is used for cleaning and brightening the color. When the bleach comes in contact with the natural molds that are present in the cork, a reaction occurs and a chemical called trichloroanisole (TCA) is produced. If this chemical comes in contact with the wine, it will cause it to taste like damp cardboard. When this happens the wine is then referred to as being "corked", and it is undrinkable.Screwcaps have proven themselves to be a better alternative to cork. First developed in Australia, the brand name for screwcaps used for wine is Stelvin, so you will often hear them referred to as such. These caps are not the same as those used for food and drink; these caps are specially designed to protect fine wines from tainting for a period of time and to allow for aging. Basically the part of the cap that actually contacts the wine is made from a thin coating of Teflon film over pure tin, this gives the cap the capability to stay stable and flavor-neutral for a very long time.There are some screwcap critics that say the Stelvin caps don't allow for proper "breathing" so the wine can age, however, this is a myth. If a cork is perfect and works the way it is supposed to work, it will not allow air into the bottle. Actually, oxygen is potentially harmful to the wine and very unnecessary for the aging process. To quote a leading Bordeaux authority Professor Pascal Ribreau-Gayon in the Handbook of Enology,reactions that take place in bottled wine do not require oxygen. And one more authority, Professor Emile Peynaud of Bordeaux says,it is the opposite of oxidation, a process of reduction, or asphyxia by which wine develops in the bottle So, as we watch a trend develop of vintners moving toward using screwcaps we, the wine-drinking public, are just going to have to come to terms with the fact that screwcaps have proven themselves. Because of the Stelvin, we consumers will be able to enjoy better preserved and better tasting wine in the years to come. Actually, instead of thinking about moving to the next bottle on the shelf because of the screwcap, we should be seeking out the wine that delights your palate regardless of whether it uses a screwcap or not.

Summary

For hundreds of years man has enjoyed beer. Throughout the years, many aspects of serving and consuming beer have changed, making a beer drinkers experience more complete and desirable.